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ID Design 2012/DOOEL Skopje, Republic of Macedonia

Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2017.064

eISSN: 1857-9655

Basic Science

 

 

 

In Vitro Nematophagous Activity of Predatory Fungi on Infective Nematodes Larval Stage of Strongyloidae Family


 

Majid Zarrin1,2*, Mahmoud Rahdar3, Farzad Poormohamadi2, Ali Rezaei-Matehkolaei2

 

1Health Research Institute, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran; 2Department of Medical Mycology, Medical School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran; 3Department of Medical Parasitology, Medical School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

 

Abstract

 

 

AIM: The main goal of the present research conducted to assess the in vitro activity of the nematophagous fungi Duddingtonia flagrans, Fusarium solani, Verticillium chlamidosporium, and Trichoderma harzianum.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four isolates of fungi including D. flagrans, F. solani , V. chlamidosporium and T. harzianum were used in this study. Horse faeces were used to provide the larvae stage of Strongyloidae family for the experiments.

RESULTS: D. flagrans was the most effective fungus to reduce the population of the larval nematodes. D. flagrans was able to kill 100% of larvae after 14 days of incubation. The significant effect was seen after 7 days of incubation, therefore, the live larvae was decreased to 9, 11, 19 and 25 for D. flagrans, V. chlamidosporium, F. solani and T. harzianum, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Our results illustrated that D. flagrans were most successful fungus for reducing the number of Strongylidae family larva stage from horse faeces. Follow D. flagrans, the live larvae was significantly reduced for V. chlamidosporium, F. solani and T. harzianum, respectively.

..................

Citation: Zarrin M, Rahdar M, Poormohamadi F, Rezaei-Matehkolaei A. In Vitro Nematophagous Activity of Predatory Fungi on Infective Nematodes Larval Stage of Strongyloidae Family. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2017.064
Keywords: nematophagous activity; fungi; Strongyloidae.
*Correspondence: Majid Zarrin. Department of Medical Mycology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran, Tel: (+98-611) 3330074; Fax: (+98-611)3332036. E-mail: mjzarrin@yahoo.co.uk
Received: 14-Feb-2017; Revised: 12-Apr-2017; Accepted: 18-Apr-2017; Online first: 11-Jun-2017
Copyright: 2017 Majid Zarrin, Mahmoud Rahdar, Farzad Poormohamadi, Ali Rezaei-Matehkolaei. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
Funding: This work was based on an MSc thesis (Farzad Poormohamadi) which was supported by Health Research Institute, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran (Grant 92135).
Competing Interests: Publication of this paper has been supported by Roche Macedonia DOOEL Skopje.
 

 

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Published by: Id Design 2012/DOOEL Skopje, Republic of Macedonia


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.