ID Design 2012/DOOEL Skopje, Republic of
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.
A Higher Rate of Iron Deficiency
in Obese Pregnant Sudanese Women
Wisal Abbas1, Ishag Adam2*, Duria
A. Rayis2, Nada G. Hassan2, Mohamed F. Lutfi1
1Faculty of Medicine, Alneelain University, Khartoum, Sudan;
2Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, P.O. Box 102, 11111,
AIM: To assess the association between obesity and iron deficiency
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pregnant women were recruited from Saad
Abualila Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan, during January–April 2015. Medical
history (age, parity, gestational age) was gathered using questionnaire.
Weight and height were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated.
Women were sub-grouped based on BMI into underweight (< 18.5 kg/m^2), normal
weight (18.5–24.9 kg/m^2), overweight (25–29.9 kg/m^2) and obese (≥ 30
kg/m^2). Serum ferritin and red blood indices were measured in all studied
RESULTS: Two (0.5%), 126 (29.8%), 224 (53.0%) and 71 (16.8%) out of
the 423 women were underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese,
respectively. Anemia (Hb <11 g/dl), ID (ferritin <15µg/l) and iron
deficiency anemia (IDA) were prevalent in 57.7%, 21.3% and 12.1%,
respectively. Compared with the women with normal BMI, significantly fewer
obese women were anemic [25 (35.2%) vs. 108 (85.7%), P < 0.001] and
significantly higher number of obese women [25 (35.2) vs. 22 (17.5, P =
0.015] had iron deficiency. Linear regression analysis demonstrated a
significant negative association between serum ferritin and BMI
(– 0.010 µg/, P= 0.006).
CONCLUSION: It is evident from the current findings that prevalence
of anaemia and ID showed different trends about BMI of pregnant women.
Citation: Abbas W, Adam I, Rayis DA, Hassan NG,
Lutfi MF. A Higher Rate of Iron Deficiency in Obese Pregnant Sudanese Women.
Open Access Maced J Med Sci. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2017.059
Keywords: Body mass index; iron deficiency; obesity; pregnancy;
*Correspondence: Ishag Adam. Faculty of Medicine, University of
Khartoum, P.O. Box 102, 11111, Khartoum, Sudan. Tel +249912168988. Fax
+249183771211. E-mail: email@example.com
Received: 08-Nov-2016; Revised: 10-Feb-2017; Accepted: 06-Mar-2017; Online
Copyright: © 2017 Wisal Abbas, Ishag Adam, Duria A. Rayis, Nada G.
Hassan, Mohamed F. Lutfi. This is an open-access article
distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial
4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
Funding: This research did not receive any financial support.
Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing
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- Abbas W
- Adam I
- Rayis DA
- Hassan NG
- Lutfi MF